给静观/正念教学者和师资受训者的一封信

尊敬的静观/正念老师们:

Dear Mindfulness-Based Program (MBP) fellow teachers and colleagues,

 

或迟或早,不止一遍地,我们都会问自己这样的问题:什么是好的静观/正念教学?什么样是好的静观/正念老师?

也许现在也是这样的一个时刻。

Sooner or later, we will all repeatedly ask ourselves this  question: “What constitutes good mindfulness teaching? And how to recognise or become a good mindfulness-based program (MBP) teacher?

 

自1979年卡巴金老师创设静观/正念减压(MBSR)课程,揭开古代东方疗愈智慧与现代实证科学相结合的序幕以来,在世界范围内,有实证基础的、非宗教、非教条化 的静观/正念课程逐渐成为促进人们心身健康的主流干预方法之一。30多年后,回到这片孕育了无限智慧的土地上,静观/正念的理念、方法和实践在中国大陆蓬勃生长。这个春天,卡巴金老师再一次到访中国大陆,所到之处,受到愈加隆重的欢迎,专业人士和普通民众都表现出对静观/正念的极大兴趣与热情。可以预见,中国大陆将有越来越多人开始静观/正念练习并从中受益,也必然有越来越多人进入静观/正念教学领域。

When Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn founded the Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program in 1979, it initiated the meeting and convergence of ancient Asian healing and wisdom teachings with that of modern evidence-based science. Since then, the world has witnessed the development and proliferation of non-dogmatic, non-religious, evidence-based contemporary Mindfulness Based Programs (MBPs). As such, MBP has become one of the mainstream intervention modalities in mind-body medicine, wellness and health arena. Nowadays, close to 40 years after the founding of MBSR, we are witnessing the rapid adoption of contemporary MBPs (in terms of conceptual framework, techniques, and application) in mainland China, from where much of the ancient teachings and wisdom of MBPs originated.

As Dr. Kabat-Zinn returned to mainland China again this spring, his workshops and talks  have been very warmly and enthusiastically received by professional circle and general public in all the places that he has visited.  Therefore, it can be foreseen that there will be ever more people benefiting from the proliferation of MBPs and practices in the days and years to come. As such, there will be a need and a trend for more people to enter into the MBP teaching arena/profession.

从2011年卡巴金老师在北京启动中国大陆第一次静观/正念减压(MBSR)课程介绍至今,中国大陆已有近50位学员完成了静观/正念减压MBSR师资训练。到五月底,还将有近70位学员完成静观/正念认知疗法MBCT第1至4阶师资培训……面向学校、企业的静观/正念课程的教学者和师资受训者数量也在快速增长。为了把静观/正念教学扩展到社会中更多的角落,我们需要优秀的静观/正念老师。“然而优秀的静观/正念老师意何所指,则取决于我们的认定。” [1]

Since Dr. Kabat-Zinn’s visit in 2011 to introduce MBSR to mainland China for the first time,  close to 50 people in mainland China  have completed the UMASS CFM’s MBSR basic teacher trainings. By the end of May this year,  around 70 people in mainland China  will have completed the Oxford Mindfulness Centre (OMC)’s MBCT teaching training module 1 –4. In the same time, there are rapidly increasing number of people in mainland embarking on or completing various mindfulness teacher trainings for school, corporate or other discipline. As such, in order to bring mindfulness practice and teaching to all areas and strata of society, we will need good and competent mindfulness teachers. However, “it is up to us, individually and collectively, to recognize what that might mean”.[2]

 

“具备什么条件才算是‘够好的’静观/正念老师?这个问题是一个终身的公案。” 3

“What makes a ‘good enough’ mindfulness teacher is something of a lifetime koan.” [3]

 

一个“足够好”的静观/正念老师,应具备什么样的经历和知识?应进行什么样的教学准备?使用什么样的教学语言?怎样进行个人练习和深化修习?如何平衡传统与现代,创新与传承?

What kind of knowledge and level of experience should a “good enough” mindfulness teacher have? What kind of training should s/he have gone through before start teaching others? How should s/he convey the teaching in terms of ‘teaching language’ used.  i.e. technical, traditional, or colloquial, everyday parlance? How does s/he conduct daily personal practice and deepening retreat practice? How to balance between traditional teaching and contemporary application, or between innovative delivery and respect to linage?

 

西方的静观/正念教学及研究者,在多年的反思、讨论和实践基础上,已经发展了相对成熟的静观/正念课程教学评估标准。我们中一些人,从自身和彼此的练习和教学经验出发,参考现有的标准,提供了一些促进中国大陆静观/正念教学品质和师资成长的建议。(在这封信的附件中,您可以找到这些建议和启发这个建议的相应参考文件。[4] [5] [6] [7] [8]

Through recent decades of teaching, application, discussion and reflection, contemporary western mindfulness teachers, educators, scholars and researchers have developed  relatively comprehensive standards and methodologies to evaluate mindfulness teaching and teachers. Here in the mainland, some of us, as fellow mindfulness teachers, have reflected on  some of these standards, methodologies and guidelines together with our own mindfulness teaching experiences and personal practice and drafted a non-exhaustive proposal (see Appendix 1 below) as a discussion paper to look at what might contribute to good quality mindfulness teaching as well as what might help the continuing growth of a mindfulness teacher. (Along with this letter, we have included the reference documents that have inspired some of the  guidelines in this proposal in Appendix section below. 4 5 6 7 8 )

 

这些建议不可避免地受到我们个人经验和背景的局限,它们是“起点、工具,而不是终点”,是“探索的、暂时的、邀请的、可变的”……“这邀请是要开启对话,分享方法与观点,共同反思”……我们期待它能带来“正念教学者社群集体的探询、对话与探索” 9

We are very aware that this initial proposal has undoubtedly been influenced and perhaps limited by the personal experience and background of the drafting authors. However, the aim of this letter and proposal is just “a beginning, a means rather than an end.” It is meant to be “exploratory, tentative, and invitational, clay on the wheel. The invitation is to enter into a conversation, to share approaches and perspectives, to reflect together.” We hope this initiative can be “a collective inquiry, dialogue, and investigation within the community of mindfulness teachers.”[9]

 

我们希望,关于这个议题的讨论,可以促进中国大陆静观/正念师资和教学品质的持续成长。我们相信,在社会各界人士共同努力下,静观/正念可以在中国大陆持续深入发展,促进更广大人群的身心福祉与健康!

It is our wish that by initiating and continuing the discussion on this topic, it will help to foster the growth and development of mindfulness teacher and their teaching competence and quality. With the collective interest and contribution from our colleagues in the mindfulness teaching community as well as the interest from the general public, we trust that mindfulness-based programs (MBP) will continue to flourish in mainland China, thereby bringing health, peace and blessing to humanity.

 

 

 

 

静观/正念教学资源 (支援) 小组

Chinese Mindfulness Teaching Support Group – CMTSG

2018年5月• 北京

May 2018 • Beijing

 

 

[1] 乔·卡巴金为《正念减压教学者手册:给临床工作者与教育家的实务指引》所做的序。唐·麦科恩等著,温宗堃等译。法鼓文化2016年,初版。  Kabat-Zinn, J. (2010). Foreword. D. McCown, D. Reibel & M. S. Micozzi. Teaching mindfulness: a practical guide for clinicians and educators (p. 5-19). NY: Springer.

[2] 同注解1    Same as footnote 1 above

[3] 同注解1    Same as footnote 1 above

[4] 正念减压师资培养:原则与标准(美国麻省大学医学院静观/正念中心)Jon Kabat-Zinn et al. : Training Teachers to Deliver Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction – Principles and Standards (https://www.umassmed.edu/cfm/training/principles–standards/

[5] 英国静观/正念师资网络 教授静观/正念课程 优良操守行为指南UK Network for Mindfulness-Based Teachers – Good practice guidelines for teaching mindfulness-based courses

[6]  基于静观/正念的干预方法 教学评估标准(2016版)摘编(英国班戈大学、艾克斯特大学和牛津大学)The Bangor, Exeter and Oxford Mindfulness-Based Interventions: Teaching Assessment Criteria (MBI – TAC)

[7] 完成MBSR实践教学强化课程(PTI)后您可以说的(前称:教师发展密集课程 TDI)What You May Say After Successful Completion of the Practice Teaching Intensive
 (fka Teacher Development Intensive TDI)

[8] 完成MBSR师资基础课程(MBSR Fundamentals)后您可以说的(前称MBSR 师资实习课程 MBSR Practicum) Guidelines for Representing MBSR Fundamentals: What You May Say After You Have Completed the MBSR™ Fundamentals in Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (fka MBSR Practicum)

[9] 同注解1    Same as footnote 1 above

 

汇总版-教授静观正念课程 优良操守行为讨论之倡议 (v1.3)

附件1 促进静观(正念)课程教学品质和师资成长的建议

附件2 正念减压师资培养:原则与标准(美国麻省大学医学院静观正念中心)

附件3 教授静观正念课程 优良操守行为指南(2015)(英国静观正念师资网络 )

附件4 探索教师胜任力和一致性

附件5 完成MBSR实践教学强化课程(PTI)后您可以说的(前称:教师发展密集课程 TDI)

附件6 完成MBSR师资基础课程(MBSR Fundamentals)后您可以说的(前称MBSR 师资实习课程 MBSR Practicum)